Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud "Silanyo"
In Office: 2002 - 2010
Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud better known as Silanyo is a renowned Somaliland politician and the incumbent president of the republic of Somaliland.
Born in 1936, in Burao city, Mr Silanyo started his formal education and studied Sheekh and Amud schools in 1946 and 1957 respectively, where he completed his primary and secondary levels.
Upon graduating, he moved England for further studies. From 1958 to 1960, Mohamoud enrolled in London University and obtained an advanced General Certificate of Education (GCE). He then studied at University of Manchester, where he earned both a Bachelor’s Degree (1960–63) and a Master’s Degree (1960–63) in Economics.
Silanyo is a longtime member of government, having served as the minister of Planning, minister of Commerce and held similar cabinet positions in Siyad Barre’s government.
In 1982 to 1990, Ahmed Silanyo was the chairman of the Somali National Movement and is termed as the longest serving chairman. Between 1993 to 1997, Mohamoud was a member of the House of Representatives of Somaliland. He also worked as the Somaliland Minister of Finance from 1997 to 1999, in which position he initiated a program of fiscal reform. Between 1999 and 2000, Silanyo served as Somaliland’s Minister of Planning and Coordination, a position from which he resigned in 2001.
In 2002, Silanyo established Kulmiye party. In 2003, the party ran for the presidential election but was defeated by a mere of 80 votes and surprisingly the party conceded the defeat.
In 2010, Silanyo was elected as the president of Somaliland after defeating his main rival Kahin in the peaceful presidential elections. 2010-kii Siilaanyo waxa loo doortay madaxweynaha Soomaalilaan kaddib markii xisbigiisii Kulmiye guul weyn ka soo hooyay doorashadii waqtiyaas dhacday.
During his tenure, Silanyo is noted for stabilizing Somaliland currency and conveying Somaliland shillings to the nationwide. He is also remembered for distributing ranks to the different sections of armed forces, developing infrastructure of the country, increased water development programs and foreign investments.